Make a Plan
Planning is vital. Planning allows you to act safely and with purpose in times of stress or strain, helping reduce the impacts of disaster. Create a plan for what you’ll do before, during and after an emergency.
Basic Emergency Preparedness Plan
FEMA’s Emergency Plan Templates
Alert and Warning Systems
Seniors and Those with Access and Functional Needs
The Delaware Emergency Management Agency partnered with University of Delaware’s Sea Grant program to produce an excellent website for our older adults and those with access and functional needs, available at: : https://www.deseagrant.org/de-plans
- Set up a personal support network: Designate someone to check on you in an emergency and to help with evacuation or sheltering-in-place.
- Prepare and carry an emergency health information card with you: This will help you to communicate if you are found unconscious or incoherent. Include information about your medications, adaptive equipment, blood type, allergies and sensitivities, insurance numbers, immunization dates, communication difficulties and preferred treatment, as well as contact information for your health providers, personal support network, and emergency contacts.
- Personal care assistance: If you receive assistance from a home health care agency or in-home support provider, find out how the provider will respond in an emergency. Designate backup or alternative providers that you can contact in an emergency.
- For persons using a mobility device: Plan for how you will evacuate in an emergency and discuss it with your care providers. If you use a motorized wheelchair, have a manual wheelchair as a backup.
- For persons who are blind or visually impaired: Keep an extra cane by your bed. Attach a whistle in case you need to attract attention. Exercise caution when moving; paths may have become obstructed.
- For persons who are deaf or hearing impaired: Keep extra batteries for your hearing aids with emergency supplies. Consider storing your hearing aids in a container attached to your nightstand or bedpost, so you can locate them quickly after a disaster.
- For persons with communication challenges: Store paper, writing materials, copies of a word or letter board, and pre-printed key phrases in your emergency kit, wallet, purse, etc.
Communication and Evacuation
As a Delaware resident, you should also incorporate the following information into your plans:
- Alert and warning systems
- Register for Delaware Emergency Notification System (DENS) (link opens in new tab).
- Register for Smart 9-1-1 (link opens in new tab).
- County and city-specific information.
- For national alert and warning system information, see this link from FEMA (link opens in new tab).
- Tip: Text messages often get through when a phone call cannot, so plan to text instead of call in an emergency.
- Determine whether to shelter-in-place or evacuate. If Emergency Management or Public Safety tell you to evacuate, do so immediately. See evacuation guidance.
- Identify local radio stations, television stations, and cell phone emergency alerts and warnings.
- Consider limited evacuations routes off the peninsula, especially if a hurricane is imminent.
- COVID-19 (link opens in new tab) restrictions both at home and at your potential evacuation destination. What are the mask and social distancing requirements, and do you have you COVID-19 safety kit items in your Emergency Kit?
- Plan for your pets, too. Always take them with you – NEVER leave them behind, even if you think you will only be gone for a few hours.
- Take Proof of Residence (ex: bill with your name and address) with you for when you are returning to your home, as public safety officers will restrict reentry to residents only.
- Alert and warning systems
Pets are important members of the family and also need special planning with their needs in mind.
- Talk to your neighbors about how you can work together in the event of an emergency.
- Inquire about emergency plans at places where your family spends time: work, daycare, and school.
- Practice makes prepared!
- Practice and maintain your plan. Practicing your plan will help you instinctively make the appropriate response during an actual emergency. Review your plan periodically and make changes as needed.
- Role-play with children to help them remain calm in emergencies and to practice basic emergency responses.
- Role-play with children as to what they should do if a parent is suddenly sick or injured and what to say when calling Emergency 9-1-1.
DPH Preparedness Buddy
A great resource for individuals with functional needs is the DPH Preparedness Buddy. Access the Preparedness Buddy brochure (link opens in new tab).
This printable brochure is a handy tool that will provide you and your preparedness buddy with essential information should you find yourself in a situation where you would need to evacuate. DPH asks caregivers, relatives, and advocates of persons with access and functional needs to designate two dependable caregivers, relatives, or friends to be “Preparedness Buddies” — a primary buddy and an alternate buddy. Preparedness buddies assist such individuals with planning for emergencies and evacuating if necessary. Persons with Access and Functional Needs have visual, hearing, mobility, cognitive, emotional, and mental limitations, and include older people, children, those with limited or no English language proficiency, persons from diverse cultures, individuals who use life-support systems, people who use service animals, and people who are medically or chemically dependent.